Configuring IIS6 to host your Intranet, Extranet
or Web Site (Windows Server 2003)
About Microsoft Internet Information Services 6.:
Internet Information Services 6 (IIS6) was the version
of Microsoft's web server bundled with Windows Server 2003.
IIS6 enabled the deployment any number of web-based
Intranets, Extranets or Web Sites.
IIS6 is no longer current. For further information visit http://www.iis.net/.
IIS6 on Windows Server 2003:
If using the new style Start menu: Click on "Start",
"Control Panel", "Add or Remove Programs"
and select the "Add/Remove Windows Components"
tab on the left-hand side.
If using the "Classic" style Start menu: Click
on "Start", "Settings", "Control
Panel", "Add or Remove Programs" and
select the "Add/Remove Windows Components"
tab on the left-hand side.
In the "Windows Components Wizard", highlight
the "Application Server" and press the "Details"
button. The screen below will be displayed (Fig 1).
Figure 1 - The Application Server Screen
First, check "Application Server
Console" and "ASP.NET", then highlight
the "Internet Information Services (IIS)"
option and press "Details" (as shown in
Fig 1 above).
Figure 2 - The Internet Information Services
On the next screen (Fig 2 above) we highlight
"World Wide Web Services" and press the
"Details" button to bring us onto the last
Figure 3 - The World Wide Web Service Screen
I make extensive use of ASP files in my
Intranet, so I need to select the "Active Server
Pages" option (shown in Fig 3 above). At this
point, you may wish to check through the other options
available in the list and select them if they apply
to your site. Don't worry if you are unsure, you can
always change these options later.
Click "OK" to close each window
and "Next" to install the newly-selected
components. You will be asked to insert your Windows
Server 2003 disk. Click "Finish" once the
installation is complete.
You have now installed Internet Information
Figure 4 - Where to find the IIS Manager
2. Where to find the IIS Manager:
If you are using the new style Start menu, you can reach
the Internet Information Services console by clicking
"Start", "Administrative Tools"
and selecting "Internet Information Services (IIS)
Manager" from the list in figure 4 above.
If you are using the "Classic" style Start
Menu, you can reach the console by clicking "Start",
"Programs", "Administrative Tools"
and select "Internet Information Services (IIS)
Manager" from the list in figure 4 above.
Figure 5 - Internet Information Services (IIS)
3. Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager:
IIS5 users will notice two new additions to the IIS
Manager. The First is the "Web Service Extensions"
screen which provides control over which file extensions
should be allowed or blocked. The second is the "Application
Pools" screen which allows applications to run
in isolated memory "Pools" meaning that
if one application has problems, others are not affected.
Figure 6 - Creating a New Web Site in IIS 6
4. Creating a New Site in IIS 6:
The first task is to disable the "Default Web
Site". To do this, select the "Web Sites"
item in the left-hand pane then right-click on the "Default
Web Site" item in the right-hand pane and select
"Stop" from the list. The Default Web Site
is now stopped.
Next, we need to create a new site to host our web
content. To do this, right-click on "Web Sites"
in the left-hand pane and select "New" and
"Web Site…" as shown above in figure
When the "Welcome to the Web Site creation Wizard"
screen appears, click next.
Figure 7 - Name your Site
5. Name your Site:
Simply enter in a name for your site in the box and
press "Next" as shown in Figure 7 above. This
name is for reference only and should help you locate
your site in IIS Manager.
Figure 8 - Changing the IP Address
6. Method of Access (using an IP address -
This method simply uses the IP address (or one of the
IP addresses if more than one are configured) of the
web site to allow users to reach the site.
To use this method, all you need to do is select an/the
available IP number from the list and leave the port
settings on 80.
To reach the site, visitors will have to type the IP
address http://192.168.200.4 into their web browser.
They can also type the machine name in eg. http://suk-sys4
Figure 9 - Changing the Port number
7. Method of Access (using Port numbers):
In this case, no additional IP numbers have been assigned
to the Server, so all we have to work with is 192.168.200.4.
Unfortunately, this is already being used by another
site so we are going to host this particular Web Service
from Port 81 instead of 80. To view the site, users
will have to enter http://192.168.200.4:81 (the colon
denotes the port number).
Figure 10 - Changing the Host Header
8. Method of Access (using Headers):
Headers allow multiple sites to run from one IP address
and through one port (80). The advantage of using "Host
Headers" is that a large number of sites can be
hosted through just 1 external IP address.
The request is interpreted by the server and the visitor
is directed to the correct site based upon the URL they
entered and NOT just the IP address it was translated
to by the DNS server.
This means that you need to add the URL (excluding http://)
in the "Host Header" box as shown above. In
the case of my Intranet, I am entering "intranet.simongibson.com"
so visitors will type http://intranet.simongibson.com
to access the site.
However, this will mean that a DNS entry must exist
for "intranet.simongibson.com" to be translated
to the correct IP address and route to our web server.
This will therefore mean that you must also make this
change to your DNS server if you plan to use this method.
Before you begin working with Host Headers it is recommended
that you correctly configure a DNS server. To go to
the DNS Configuration tutorial on this site, click here.
Figure 11 - The Web Site Home Directory
9. Defing your site's home directory and who
can access it:
Once you have defined which method of access you wish
to use, you need to point IIS at your default home directory.
This is pretty self-explanatory and in this case is
c:\Inetpub\intranet_live which is the sub-directory
'intranet_live' located in the 'Inetpub' directory with
the C: drive on the web server (SUK-SYS4).
Notice that I have unchecked 'Allow anonymous access
to this Web Site'. This will ensure that any visitor
will have to enter their username, password and Domain
to access the site from outside the building (ideal
for an Extranet).
If you do not plan to make your Intranet available through
the Internet then it is probably best to leave this
Figure 12 - Web Site Access Permissions
10. Defining Access Permissions:
The options shown in Fig.6 above are the default settings
for IIS. These are fine for our Intranet. You can set
up seperate access permissions for sub-directories later,
such as a cgi-bin. See 'Configuring
Active Perl' for more information.
Figure 13 - The completed IIS6 Manager with
new web site
11. The completed configuration of IIS:
If you have followed these instructions correctly, your
IIS dialogue box should look something like Fig 13 (above).
You can add as many extra web sites as you like, but
bear in mind the access method you plan to use (check
section 6, 7and 8).
To make sure your site is operational, make sure you
have a valid default.asp file in the home directory
and enter the preconfigured access method (http://192.168.200.4/,
http://192.168.200.4:81/ or http://intranet.simongibson.com/).